What is IVF?
A form of assisted reproductive technology (ART) known as in vitro fertilization (IVF) involves the fertilization of sperm and eggs outside of the human body. IVF is a challenging procedure that requires taking eggs out of the ovaries and manually mixing sperm and eggs in a lab to fertilize the eggs. The fertilized egg, now known as an embryo, is implanted inside a uterus a few days after fertilization. When this egg embeds itself in the uterus wall, pregnancy develops.
People choose IVF for a variety of reasons, mostly for infertility problems and also when one couple has a pre-existing medical condition. Many people are willing to IVF if other fertility treatments haven’t worked for them or if they’re beyond the age of the pregnancy. IVF is an additional reproductive choice for the same partners or individuals who want to become parents on their own.
Procedure of IVF
IVF is a multi-step, challenging process. The procedure should take 4 to 6 months on average. This encompasses the period of time prior to egg retrieval during which a person consumes fertility medicine up until a pregnancy test is conducted.
About 5% of infertility-stricken couples will attempt IVF. Since 1978, over 8 million children have been born through IVF. It is among the best assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) out there.
The steps involved in IVF are as follows:
estrogen or contraceptive tablets
Birth control tablets or estrogen may be recommended by your doctor before you begin IVF treatment. This is done to prevent ovarian cyst growth and regulate the time of the menstrual cycle. It enables your healthcare professional to manage your care and increase the proportion of mature eggs retrieved during the ovarian retrieval operation. While some women are given estrogen-only birth control tablets, others are given combination contraceptive pills (estrogen and progesterone).
Stimulation of ovaries
An egg batch starts to grow each month during a healthy person’s natural cycle who is of reproductive age. Usually, only one egg develops to the point where it can ovulate. The remaining eggs within this group that are still immature burst.
Through your cervix, your doctor will use an ultrasound to direct a small needle into every one of your ovaries. Your eggs are extracted from each follicle using suction equipment that is attached to the needle.
- You put your eggs in a dish with a unique solution. Next, the dish is incubated overnight.
- For this treatment, light anesthesia and medications are utilized to reduce discomfort.
- The “trigger shot,” your final hormone injection, is given 36 hours before egg retrieval.
The embryologist will attempt to fertilize all healthy eggs with intracytoplasmic sperm injection, or ICSI, the afternoon following your egg retrieval operation. This implies that each developed egg will get a sperm injection.
Development of an embryo
Doctors will carefully examine the growth of your embryos during the next 5 to 6 days.
Transfer of embryos
Fresh and frozen embryo transfers are the two different types of embryo transfers. Depending on your particular circumstances, your healthcare practitioner can help you determine whether using fresh or frozen embryos is ideal for you.
When the embryo embeds itself in the uterine lining, pregnancy results. About nine to 14 days following embryo transfer, your doctor will execute a blood test to see if you’re pregnant.
Dr. Shivani Sachdev Gour is among the best female fertility doctor in Delhi, who can help you with your pregnancy trouble. She has 17 years of experience and already treated more than a thousand couples, who are suffering from infertility. SCI IVF Hospital Delhi can ensure you with the best possible result to make your parenthood dream come true.