Infertility is defined as the inability of conceiving. If a couple desires to enjoy parenthood and unable to conceive even after trying for more than a year, they can consult the fertility doctor for fertility tests. Fertility is not only a women’s thing; a fertility test is essential for both partners. This inability may be caused by many factors and can be in either man or woman.
Male fertility is basically depending on the quality and quantity of semen ejaculation. The following are the diagnostic steps of male infertility.
- Physical Observation
The first step of the fertility test is the physical examination of the male sexual part for any damage or injury. It involves the male genitals such as penis and testicle check-ups by a urologist. For any fertility concerns in males, contact Dr Vishal Dutt Gour – the Best Urologist in Delhi.
- Checking Medical History and Lifestyle Factors
This step involves checking the medical history such as any chronic disease he is surfing from or any inherited medical history of infertility. The fertility doctor may also ask questions about the lifestyle such as diet, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, sex life, and so on.
- Medical Tests
If the infertility causes are not clear by physical examination and lifestyle factors, medical tests are suggested for diagnosing infertility causes.
- Semen Analysis: Semen analysis involves the quality and behavior of sperms contain in it. Semen is collected in a container and send to the laboratory for further testing.
- Semen Motility: Semen Motility refers to the movement of sperms. Sperms should be free-flowing.
- Sperm Morphology: Sperm’s morphology involves testing of sperm count in the semen, its shape, size, and appearance.
- Sperm Agglutination: In this test, the sperm is tested for its stickiness. The sperm’s head and tail should not be sticky, otherwise, it will not move freely.
- Sperm Efficiency: Sperm efficiency involves the ability of sperm to penetrate into the egg. In the laboratory, it is tested using a specimen egg. Acrosome Reaction is also performed on sperms to test its sustainability in the chemical reaction that occurs while it hit the egg’s outer shell.
- Ultrasound: To test male infertility, two types of ultrasounds are done, Scrotal Ultrasound and Transrectal Ultrasound. Scrotal ultrasound varicocele or any other issue in testicles, while Transrectal ultrasound examines the blockages in the male reproductive tract including the seminal vesicles, prostate, and ejaculatory ducts.
- Hormone Tests: Hormones are responsible for sperm production and health. A blood test is also done to test testosterone.
- Testicular biopsy: In this test, a sample is collected from the testicle using a needle. This test examines sperm production. If the test suggests normal sperm production, then it is clear that infertility caused by duct blockage.
- Vasography: In this test, an x-ray method is used to determine any blockage or leakage of sperm in the vas deferens, a duct in the male reproductive system that transports sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts.
Once the infertility issues are diagnosed, fertility treatments are done to eliminate the reasons for infertility. For the best infertility treatment for males, contact SCI IVF Hospital Delhi having the best male fertility specialist in Delhi.