What are the medical causes of male infertility?

causes of male infertility

One in seven couples is infertile, meaning they’ve had unprotected sex for a year or longer but cannot conceive a child. Male infertility is implicated in approximately half of these couples.

It is possible to cause male infertility by reducing sperm production, decreasing sperm function, or causing blockages in the delivery of sperm. These include lifestyle factors such as cigarette smoking, alcohol intake, and use of illicit drugs, obesity, psychological stress, APA, diet, and caffeine intake. Infertility can be overwhelming, but it can be treated.

Causes of Male Infertility

  • Varicocele. A varicocele is a type of vein enlargement that occurs near the testicles. Male infertility has no more frequent cause than this. It may be that varicoceles’ effect on blood flow has something to do with infertility. Varicoceles cause a decrease in the quantity and quality of sperm.
  • Infection. Environmental toxins, such as pesticides and heavy metals, can negatively affect sperm count, which will block the passage of sperm. Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea or HIV can lead to inflammations in the epididymis (epididymitis) or testicles (orchitis), which can be very painful. Despite the possibility of long-term infertility, sperm can still be found in many patients who have gotten infected.
  • Ejaculation issues. During orgasm, when semen enters the bladder instead of emerging from the tip of the penis, retrograde ejaculation occurs. A retrograde ejaculation or one surrogacy success rate in India occurs in the opposite direction, can be caused by various health conditions, including diabetes, spinal injury, drugs, and surgeries in the bladder, prostate, or urethra.
  • Antibodies that attack sperm. The immune system produces antibodies that often mistake sperm for harmful invaders and try to eliminate them.
  • Tumors. Cancers and nonmalignant tumors threaten male reproductive organs. These include diseases that affect the pituitary gland, the gland that influences the production of reproductive hormones, and other diseases that appear without clear causation. It’s possible that cancer treatment, like surgery, radiation, or chemotherapy, may cause decreased fertility in some men.


General physical examination and medical history. Your doctor will thoroughly examine your genitals and ask about any conditions affecting your fertility, including inherited health problems, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries, and surgeries. The doctor may ask if you’re sexually active and if you’ve ever had any issues during puberty.

Semen analysis. It is possible to obtain semen samples in a few different ways. Your doctor will give you an example by having you masturbate in the doctor’s office and ejaculate into a particular container. Men, influenced by their cultural or religious beliefs, are sometimes interested in an alternative method of semen collection. These types of cases will require semen to be obtained using a condom during sex.

Surrogacy center presents a happy life. 

The cheapest surrogacy in India takes care of the entire process. Male infertility can often be fixed with an outpatient procedure. These are done under general anesthesia or IV sedation. While pain after surgery is usually mild, recovery and follow-up vary. After varicocele repair, your health care provider should do a physical exam. This is to see if the vein is completely gone. Often the veins stay enlarged, considering Surrogacy Centre is not removed during surgery but only closed off to prevent abnormal blood flow.

SCI IVF Hospital, Founder & Director Dr Shivani Sachdev Gour has experienced more than 20years of infertility services.

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